Gorky Film Studio will celebrate its centenary in 2015.
The studio will prepare a lot of interesting events and activities to celebrate this remarkable date. We plan to create a studio museum, organize thematic exhibitions for pupils, master-classes for students of theater universities and excursions for those interested in Russian cinematography.
Cinema aroused much interest in Russia during the First World War, but for political reasons and because of the embargo rental of foreign films dropped sharply. This gave impetus to the development of the national film industry. 23 companies made films in Moscow. Among them was partnership Rus founded in 1915 by Kostroma merchant and Old Believer Mikhail Semenovich Trofimov.
In 1916 he built in Moscow on Butyrskaya Street a wooden pavilion and started regular filmmaking. The main theme was the adaptation of Russian classics. Directors, artists and actors came from the Moscow Art Theater.
When Aleksandr Akimovich Sanin came to Rus, he already was an experienced stage actor and director. His first film Dev’i Gory (1918) became the most popular adaptation in the Russian distribution. Next year, two adaptations of Rus film studio became an outstanding achievement. Films based on the novel by Leo Tolstoy Polikushka and Dmitry Merezhkovsky Tsarevich Aleksey received international recognition.
Mezhrabprom-Rus Film Company was established in 1924 on the basis of Rus film studio and International Workers Relief Agency film bureau. The studio has become a model of advanced technology and creative solutions both in Russia and Europe.
In 1924, Yakov Protazanov made the first science-fiction film Aelita. The scenery was created by Viktor Simov and costumes by Aleksandra Ester under the guidance of the famous Nadezhda Lamanova, whose name is closely associated with all the performances staged by Konstantin Stanislavsky.
The first international joint venture, the Soviet-German organization Mezhrabpomfilm was created in 1928 on the basis of reformed joint stock company Mezhrabpom-Rus. Apart from the other films, Yakov Protazanov made the famous Without a Dowry (1936) based on the play by Aleksandr Ostrovsky that year.
In 1936, after the collapse of the Communist International on the basis of Mezhrabpomfilm was organized Soyuzdetfilm. As far back as 1930 a suggestion to organize a children's film studio was made. But it was considered untimely. In 1936 came out the first motion pictures with Soyuzdetfilm label Ai-Gul and Three from one street.
In 1941-1943 the film studio was temporarily evacuated to Stalinabad. Questions about how to make Soyuzdetfilm an affiliate of Mosfilm was raised after the war.Then director Mark Donskoy appealed to Voroshilov: “The emblem of Soyuzdetfilm gained worldwide recognition thanks to my trilogy about Gorky. Nowhere in the world there is a children's film studio, but we have it. Are you going to close it?" Voroshilov listened to the director’s opinion and decided to persuade Stalin not to close the studio. He said: "Well, if the famous trilogy was filmed there, let us assign this studio Gorky's name and leave it in peace".
In 1948, it was renamed into the Gorky Film Studio.
In 1963 – 2003, the studio was known as the Central Studio of Children’s and Youth Films named after Maksim Gorky.
On December 4, 2003, the studio was corporatized and received a new name - Open Joint Stock Company Creative and Production Association Central Studio of Children’s and Youth Films named after M. Gorky.
More than 1000 films were created over the years of studio’s existence. They were focused on different categories of domestic moviegoers.
Among these films one can find leaders of domestic distribution:
And Quiet Flows the Don by Sergey Gerasimov (1957) — 47 million viewers;
Officers by Vladimir Rogovoy (1971) — 53.4 million viewers;
The Dawns Here Are Quiet by S. Rostotsky (1973) — 66 million viewers;
As well as the most successful in the history of the Soviet, post-Soviet and Russian cinematography film by Boris Durov Pirates of the 20th Century (1979) — 98 million viewers.
The most popular in the history of domestic television film series were filmed at Gorky Film Studio: Seventeen Moments of Spring (Yulian Semenov and Tatyana Lioznova, 1973). Also, a lot of other well-known films were made here: I'm Twenty Years Old by Marlena Hutsieva, Three Poplars at Plyushchikha Street by Tatyana Lioznova, The Commissar by Aleksandra Askoldova, Pechki-Lavochki by Vasily Shukshin and others.
Films of different genres were created here owing to the application of new technical solutions. These are science-fiction film Aelita (1924), co-production film Salamandra (1928), sound film Voucher for Life (1931), musical film Harmonica (1934), color film Grunya Kurnakova (1936), sound animated film With a Wave of a Wand (1938).In 1941, a stereoscopic film for viewing which cinemagoers did not need to use special glasses was created here, and in 1975 appeared children's comic magazine Eralash.
Here made their first appearance on the stage:
V. Pudovkin, Yu. Zhelyabuzhskiy, B. Barnet, N. Ekk, I. Savchenko, A. Rou, I. Frez, S. Rostotskiy, Yu. Egorov, T. Lioznova, L. Kulidzhanov, Ya. Segel’, B. Buneev, V. Shukshin, Yu. Shvyrev, B. Grigoriev, I. Gurin, I. Magitov, A. Askol'dov, P. Lyubimov, P. Arsenov, G. Oganesyan, V. Grammatikov, Yu. Kara, V. Pichul, A. Eshpay, etc.
A. Golovnya, P. Ermolov, M. Magidson, B. Rapoport, S. Urusevskiy, M. Pilikhina, M. Kirillov, etc.
N. Batalov, I. Il'inskiy, A. Ktorov, N. Kryuchkov, Yu. Solntseva, O. Zhizneva, V. Baranovskaya, G. Kravchenko, A. Sudakevich, V. Maretskaya, Z. Fedorova, N. Alisova, N. Mordyukova, S. Gurzo, I. Makarova, V. Tikhonov, S. Bondarchuk, M. Ulyanov, Zh. Bolotova, L. Hityaeva, A. Shengelaya, N. Eremenko, N. Belokhvostikova, K. Lavrov, A. Zharkov, N. Zashchipina, S. Nikonenko, O. Ostroumova, I. Sklyar, N. Negoda, A. Klyuka, etc. At the studio worked such famous directors as: Ya. Protazanov, V. Legoshin, I. Annenskiy, M. Donskoy, L. Kuleshov, S. Jutkiewicz, L. Lukov, S. Gerasimov , M. Hutsiev, V. Shukshin, etc.